History / 2007

mapa de las murallas de Pamplona en 2.010 Baluarte de Labrit Fortín de San Bartolomé Baluarte de San Antón Revellín de Santa Lucía Baluarte Real Revellín de Santa Clara Contraguardia de Santa Clara Baluarte de Santa María Revellín de Santa Isabel Contraguardia de Santa Isabel Baluarte de Santiago Revellín de Santa Ana Baluarte de la Victoria Ciudadela Baluarte de la Taconera Revellín de San Roque Baluarte de Gonzaga Plataforma de Palacio Baluarte del Abrevador Baluarte bajo del Pilar Baluarte de los Reyes Baluarte del Redín Baluarte bajo de Nª Sª de Guadalupe

The Citadel was handed over to Pamplona City Council by the Army in 1964. The official handover took place in 1966 marking the start of a recovery and restoration period for the fort. Thanks to this work, Pamplona’s Citadel was declared a National Historic Landmark in 1973.

Moving forward to the 21st century, Pamplona City Council promoted an ambitious plan to restore and preserve its fortifications, supported by the Government of Navarra’s Príncipe de Viana Institution and the Spanish Government’s Ministry of Culture.

From 2005 onwards, work focussed on restoring and preserving the fortifications while making them accessible for people with limited mobility. Among the vast amount of recent work carried, we might mention building the new underground Bus Station, inaugurated in 2007. This was a landscaping milestone as it involved combining modernity and tradition given that, thanks to its completion, the Santa Lucía ravelin once again saw the light of day and much of the Citadel’s glacis was recovered as a green area after having been used as a surface car park.

The Pamplona Fortifications Visitors’ centre was opened in March 2011, located in the recently restored St Bartolomé fort. The same year saw completion of restoration work on the St Ana and St Isabel ravelins, in addition to the Puerta del Socorro, thereby completing the Citadel’s outer defence rehabilitation. The Labrit rampart was restored between 2013 and 2014. Along with the Redín rampart, this is the oldest part of the walled enclosure.

This decade has therefore been fundamental for Pamplona’s fortified enclosure and it might be said that, right now, it has practically all been restored.

The extraordinary effort to recover, restore, rehabilitate and breathe life and activity to Pamplona’s fortifications was recognised with a double award in the 2012 edition of the European Union Cultural Heritage Awards – Europa Nostra Awards: an award in the preservation category and the special public award.