History / 1685

mapa de las murallas de Pamplona en 1.685 Revellín de Santa Clara Baluarte bajo de Nª Sª de Guadalupe Baluarte del Redín Baluarte del Abrevador y puerta del mismo nombre Plataforma de Palacio Baluarte de Labrit Baluarte bajo del Labrit Revellín y puerta de la Tejería Baluarte de la Tejería Revellín y puerta de San Nicolás Contraguardia de Gonzaga Baluarte de Gonzaga(alto y bajo) Revellín de San Roque Baluarte de la Taconera Revellín y puerta de la Taconera Revellín de Santa Teresa Baluarte y Caballero del Real Revellín de Santa Isabel Baluarte de San Nicolás

Although work on the Citadel is deemed to have been completed by 1645 once the five outer crescent fortifications have been finished, the defences will continue being improved throughout the 17th and 18th centuries. 

Soon after 1645, the crescent fortifications – for instance – are considered to be too small and also lack lining, which is why it is proposed that they be expanded and encased (line them externally) using blocks of stone.

On the other hand, the garrison on the inside of the Citadel is deemed to be insufficient.

On 23rd April 1646, King Philip IV arrives in Pamplona with Prince Balthasar Charles. From this visit remains the famous painting by Martínez del Mazo, featuring the retinue stopped in front of the main gateway to the Citadel.

The greatest change to the Citadel subsequent to its construction is the creation of two counterguards facing the countryside: that of Santa Clara and that of Santa Isabel. Built soon afterwards, they are the work of the engineer, Esteban Escudero, whose report dates from 1685. The coat of arms of Viceroy Enrique Benavides is carved on these defences.

Spain 1659. The Peace of the Pyrenees brings the Hispano-French war to an end.

Europe 1648. France. The Peace of Westphalia is signed. 
1687. Greece. A magazine inside the Parthenon blows up which damages it to catastrophic effect.