History / 1512

mapa de las murallas de Pamplona en 1.512 Torre sobre el Molino Puerta de la Fuente Vieja (Judería) Puerta de la Tejería Monasterio de Santiago Castillo Iglesia de San Nicolás Puerta de San Nicolás Torre Redonda Puerta del Mercado o de la Zapatería Torre de María Delgada Puerta de la Belena Puerta de las Salinerías Puerta del Chapitel Torre de los Triperos Torre del Rey Torre de los Canónigos Puerta de Santa Engracia Torre de la Teyllera Postigo de las Carnicerías Torre de la Rocha Torre de la Galea Torre redonda del Burgo Puerta de la Belena Puerta del Chapitel Palacio Real o de San Pedro Portal del Abrevador Torre de la Tesorería Postigo de los Canónigos Portal del Rio Burgo de la Navarrería Burgo de San Cernin Burgo de San Nicolás

Fadrique Álvarez of Toledo, Duke of Alba, at the helm of the Castilian army, conquers Pamplona – unified following the Privilege of the Union of 1423. The city comes under the control of Ferdinand the Catholic without putting up any resistance. In the name of the King, the Duke promises the people of Pamplona that their fueros (special privileges) and customs will be preserved. In the same year (1512), a few months after the Castilian conquest of the “head of the kingdom of Navarre” (Pamplona), a powerful Franco-Navarrese army of 15,000 men besieges Pamplona in an attempt to try and recapture it. They fail in their attempt.

This attack makes them see the need to improve the city’s defences: in 1513, they start to build the fortress or castle of Santiago.

America

1515. Founding of Havana and Santiago de Cuba.

Europe

1512. 31st October, Italy, Rome. The Sistine Chapel is opened, with its vault decorated by Michelangelo.