Founded by Pompey in 74 B.C., Pamplona has since the time of its origins been considered as a City-Fortress owing to its strategic location.

Its location, close to France, Aragon and La Rioja, made it “the key to the Spains” according to documents dating from the 16th and 17th centuries.

Its prominent position above the Arga River to the north and east facilitated its defence. However, the flatter lands to the south and west demanded greater intervention. Thus, since the time of coexistence of the city of La Navarrería and the burgh of San Cernin and San Nicolás to our times, Pamplona has continually evolved.

These are now one of the most important attractions in our city, its being one of the best preserved walled cities in our country.

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